Aging and the Use of Vitamins

The theory that aging of cellular and organism began in the middle of the twentieth century. That saw one theory that suggested that damage to cellular tissues and mechanisms takes place over time as a result of oxidative stress to the due to organism due to free oxygen radicals.

The aging factor is thought


Endogenous oxidative damage to proteins is believed to be a result of DNA and lipids. The DNA factor is one that impacts aging, and it also relates to the development of diseases such as cataract formation, atherosclerosis and cancer. While this is natural, the harm of it does not become apparent until the reactive oxygen species production exceeds that of the cells or body’s natural ability to protect itself and repair any damage that took place.

The relation to aging and the use of antioxidant vitamins is that they will scavenge those cells and stop cellular destruction, and therefore, aging. Vitamins that are identified as antioxidant vitamins include betacarotene vitamin C, and vitamin E. Each has been suggest to be responsible for limiting cell damage and therefore help to reduce some chronic diseases.

Clinical trials and Epidemiological studies

This theory has seen a large number of clinical trials and studies being undertaken to determine antioxidant vitamins efficacy. Currently, the vivo oxidative damage to proteins, DNA and lipids is unknown, and the evidence currently available is not sufficient to provide conclusive results to determine if antioxidant vitamin supplementation will give a reduction in oxidative damage, and therefore aging. The exception to that is vitamins C and E as they reduce lipid oxidative damage in those who smoke as well as those who do not.

There is an increased risk to aging in those that have a low consumption of vitamins. Studies have shown that as people age, the consumption of vitamins is reduced as they consume less food. This impacts their calcium levels and leaves them susceptible to bone fractures, but it also impacts their overall risk of illness relating to their diet. Over 50% of adults consume less than the recommended intake of vitamins daily, and 10%–30% of the population have levels well below that. Those that are identified as high risk in this category include the elderly, those living a vegan lifestyle and those who consume large quantities of alcohol.

Older Adults

Those in this category are known to eat fast food items and sweets. They tend to be drawn more towards fruits, vegetables and emery producing grains. They also tend to see a reduction in the volume of beverages they consume, have a reduced number of bowel movements and see changes in their hormones. In addition, their metabolism rate is reduced as is their small and taste buds. As a result, it sees many altering their die, and that results in reduced energy.

Those that fit this category will benefit from joining programs that assist in identifying areas that are suffering and providing suggestions to help remedy the situation by consuming nutrient-dense meals, either self-prepared or via home delivery services.

Why We All Need the Sunshine Vitamin

Often referred to as the sunshine vitamin since is produced in response to sunlight in your skin, this fat-soluble vitamin is part of a family of vitamin that includes D-3, D-2 and D-1. Vitamin D is not only produced when your skin is exposed to sunlight, but adequate levels can also be obtained via foods such as sardines, salmon, tuna, shrimp, mushrooms, milk, egg yolks, and oysters.

Vitamin D is extremely important when it comes to individual’s well-being and is most vital in the absorption of phosphorus and calcium as well as facilitation a normal healthy immune system. Sufficient amounts of vitamin D plays a major role in the development of strong teeth and bones as is vital in promoting normal growth and improving resistance against several diseases.

Benefits of Making Vitamin D Your Friend

Vitamin D reduces depression, fights disease and boosts weight loss. On the other side, a deficiency in vitamin D has been linked to weight gaining, heart disease, breast cancer, prostate cancer, depression, and colon cancer. A scientist-led group called the Vitamin D Council that promotes the awareness of vitamin D deficiency suggest that the sunshine vitamin is helpful in the treatment of osteoporosis, cancer, heart disease, preventing autism, chronic pain, and autoimmune disease.

Symptoms and Signs Indicating a Deficiency in Vitamin D

The symptoms associated with a deficiency of vitamin D include impaired healing of wounds, muscle pain, hair loss, depressed moods, getting infected or sick often as well as fatigue. A long period of vitamin D deficiency can also lead to osteoporosis, depression, obesity, hypertension, some neurodegenerating diseases including Alzheimer’s, or fibromyalgia.

Increasing Vitamin D Levels in Winter

There is nothing that beats a balanced and healthy diet when it comes to nutrients, supplements can assist especially in winter when additional vitamin D3 and vitamin D2 are needed. Vitamin D3 is to replace the lesser exposure to sunlight during the cold months. When it comes to vitamin D rich food, eggs are a fun way to ensure your diet includes a sufficient amount of vitamin D, and it is important to consume both the white and yolk. Oily fish, dairy products such as cheese and milk, meat such as kidney and livers are rich in vitamin D.

Getting Your Vitamin D Dosage from Sunlight

According to the BDA, Association of UK Dietitians Food Fact Sheet, sunshine is where the most vitamin D comes from. The fact sheet also reveals that the amount of vitamin D obtainable from the sun differs depending on the sun’s strength. Individuals gain more during mid-day when the sun is at its brightest and strongest.

On cloudy days, or those days in the shade, you get less vitamin D than from direct sunlight as the ultraviolet rays from the sun is what enables your body to produce vitamin D. During winter the BDA suggests taking vitamin D supplements that contain l10 micrograms of the vitamin to meet the recommended levels, any supplement with a higher content of the sunshine vitamin could be harmful after long period use since it offers unnecessary higher levels than what is needed.