The theory that aging of cellular and organism began in the middle of the twentieth century. That saw one theory that suggested that damage to cellular tissues and mechanisms takes place over time as a result of oxidative stress to the due to organism due to free oxygen radicals.
The aging factor is thought
Endogenous oxidative damage to proteins is believed to be a result of DNA and lipids. The DNA factor is one that impacts aging, and it also relates to the development of diseases such as cataract formation, atherosclerosis and cancer. While this is natural, the harm of it does not become apparent until the reactive oxygen species production exceeds that of the cells or body’s natural ability to protect itself and repair any damage that took place.
The relation to aging and the use of antioxidant vitamins is that they will scavenge those cells and stop cellular destruction, and therefore, aging. Vitamins that are identified as antioxidant vitamins include betacarotene vitamin C, and vitamin E. Each has been suggest to be responsible for limiting cell damage and therefore help to reduce some chronic diseases.
Clinical trials and Epidemiological studies
This theory has seen a large number of clinical trials and studies being undertaken to determine antioxidant vitamins efficacy. Currently, the vivo oxidative damage to proteins, DNA and lipids is unknown, and the evidence currently available is not sufficient to provide conclusive results to determine if antioxidant vitamin supplementation will give a reduction in oxidative damage, and therefore aging. The exception to that is vitamins C and E as they reduce lipid oxidative damage in those who smoke as well as those who do not.
There is an increased risk to aging in those that have a low consumption of vitamins. Studies have shown that as people age, the consumption of vitamins is reduced as they consume less food. This impacts their calcium levels and leaves them susceptible to bone fractures, but it also impacts their overall risk of illness relating to their diet. Over 50% of adults consume less than the recommended intake of vitamins daily, and 10%–30% of the population have levels well below that. Those that are identified as high risk in this category include the elderly, those living a vegan lifestyle and those who consume large quantities of alcohol.
Those in this category are known to eat fast food items and sweets. They tend to be drawn more towards fruits, vegetables and emery producing grains. They also tend to see a reduction in the volume of beverages they consume, have a reduced number of bowel movements and see changes in their hormones. In addition, their metabolism rate is reduced as is their small and taste buds. As a result, it sees many altering their die, and that results in reduced energy.
Those that fit this category will benefit from joining programs that assist in identifying areas that are suffering and providing suggestions to help remedy the situation by consuming nutrient-dense meals, either self-prepared or via home delivery services.